Answered By: Lauren Collister
Last Updated: Jul 08, 2016     Views: 55

For readers:

Sometimes, authors request that access be restricted to authorized students, faculty and staff at the University of Pittsburgh.

If you are a University of Pittsburgh affiliate, you can access this item, but you must first login to D-Scholarship using your Pitt Computer Account username and password after clicking the 'Login' button at the top right of this screen. To access restricted ETDs, you must be directly connected to the University network, or use the University's secure remote access.

If you are not affiliated with the University of Pittsburgh, we may be able to provide this material through Interlibrary Loan. To initiate a request, please ask the Interlibrary Loan department at your local institution or library where you have borrowing privileges.


For libraries:

Interlibrary Loan requests for this item can be submitted through OCLC using the symbol PIT.

You may also fax a request for this item using your letterhead to +1 (412) 648-1245 or email your request to the Interlibrary Loan Office at the University of Pittsburgh at

Should you have any questions, please contact the Interlibrary Loan Office at

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